Review for Week 6

Octavia’s Brood

The Token Superhero, the river, Evidence, Black Angel, Small and Bright, In Spite of Darkness, Hollow

One common thing in all of these stories above is that there is something bigger, stronger, and more powerful than the characters in the stories: racism, God, invaders, the Perfects, etc. In most of the stories characters are struggling or fighting against their enemies or something bigger than them. All the stories except Evidence are depressing or gloomy but all of them leave hope somehow. I personally liked The Token Superhero and Evidence because both stories show us that even if we cannot see the outcome immediately when we try to change the world, it surely has some impact and influence on the world regardless how big it is. It encourages me to take an action even if I feel I am powerless. This book gives readers a good opportunity to think of racism, what has happened or is happening to vulnerable people, possible futures, how we should change the world, and so on.

“A Cyborg Manifesto: Science, Technology, and Socialist-Feminism in the Late Twentieth Century”, Donna Haraway

“The cyborg is resolutely committed to partiality, irony, intimacy, and perversity” (292).

Cyborgs are “illegitimate offspring of militarism and patriarchal capitalism, not to mention state socialism” (293).

Haraway the author writes the new technologies made the homework economy possible and succeeded to attack on privileged men’s’ unionized jobs. I have a question on this. Is it a good idea to attack on someone privileged? I do not think so. As I wrote in my previous review, I believe that hate leads to another hate. Thus, attacking on privileged people brings hate and another attack. Also, I previously questioned that if it is necessary to “frame” everything in my other review. I think framing itself makes a barrier even if you “reframe” into what you think is in a good way. Therefore, it is better to make ‘everyone’s job’ equally safe than to attack ‘privileged people’s job.’

I like the idea of Haraway, “we can learn from our fusions with animals and machines how not to be Man, the embodiment of Western logos” (310). This idea will give us an opportunity to think of ourselves objectively, what we are. I also believe humans must learn from animals because they do not care what color other animals are and they can accept other race, for example, some dogs accept cats, birds, rabbits, not to mention humans. Why cannot people accept other races? Why do they fight against foreigners? The obvious answers are capitalism and politics, and because they we are selfish and greedy.

I am not sure the author’s definition of cyborg. I thought the words, machines, cyborgs, androids get closer to human beings from left to right. And the word, robots include all of them. Machines are robots which do not have human forms, cyborgs are robots which have human forms but not intelligence, and androids are robots which have both human forms and intelligence, which are what I have assumed. It seems, however, that the author thinks cyborgs have human intelligence as well because Rachel the replicant from the film Blade Runner is written as an example of a fear of cyborg culture, love and confusion. I watched this film. Rachel and other replicants have a great intelligence and feelings as well.

There is a shocking phrase to me in this article, “A cyborg body is not innocent” (315). A cyborg body represents political and social intention. It was born with a certain purpose. Haraway insists that exploiting the image of cyborgs can show what is daily activity and experience, and also argues, “the production of universal, totalizing theory is a major mistake that misses most of reality” and “taking responsibility for the social relations of science and technology means refusing an anti-science metaphysics, a demonology of technology, and so means embracing the skillful task of reconstructing the boundaries of daily life, in partial connection with others, in communication with all of our parts” (316).

“Anthropocene, Capitalocene, Plantationocene, Chthulucene: Making Kin”,

 Donna Haraway

“Right now, the earth is full of refugees, human and not, without refuge” (160). This is so true that we must consider what we should and can do to solve this problem seriously.

“Make Kin Not Babies!” is a great idea although I personally think that we still need to make babies as well (maybe this does not mean “don’t make babies” but “make kin not by making babies”). Befriending, adopting kids (as well as animals) who need to refuge or were abandoned, or helping others, anything is okay. I believe that kin-making with others will help the world become a more peaceful and fair world.

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